Tutorial 5 – Working with music notationA great way to compose in SONAR is by using the Staff view. The Staff pane displays MIDI note events as musical notation. For some musicians, this may be the most familiar and comfortable view in which to work. The Staff pane provides many features that make it easy for you to compose, edit, and print music. You can add notes to your composition with simple point-and-click techniques.This tutorial will introduce you to the tools and features that SONAR provides for working with notation.
1. On the File menu, click New.The New Project File dialog box appears.
2. Select the Normal template, specify a project name and save location, then click OK.
3. Click on track 3 labeled MIDI 1.
4. On the Views menu, click Staff View.
1. Click the Staff view View menu, point to Display Resolution and select the smallest note value on the submenu.
2. Click the Staff view View menu and disable the Fill Durations and Trim Durations options.For this tutorial, we will also change the time signature to ¾, the key to G and the staff layout to display a treble and bass clef.
1. On the Project menu, click Insert Meter/Key Change.The Meter/Key Signature dialog box appears.
2. Change Beats per Measure to 3 and Key Signature to 1 Sharp (G), then click OK to close the Meter/Key Signature dialog box.
3. Click the Staff view Edit menu and choose Layout.The Staff View Layout dialog box appears.
4. In the Clef list, select Treble/Bass, then click OK to close the Staff View Layout dialog box.Now that you know how to set up the Staff view, it's time to play! You can either record a MIDI track in this project or manually add notes. The rest of this tutorial will provide you with a basic overview of the notation tools. For more in depth information about all the features and functionality of the Staff view, including using the Fretboard and the Lyrics view, see Notation and lyrics.Selecting the note valueFigure 23. The Tools module.
With the Smart tool , position the pointer over the bottom half center of the note, then drag the note to the desired location.
Tip: When moving a note, hold down the SHIFT key to constrain vertical or horizontal movement, depending on the direction you first move.
2. While still holding the CTRL key and the left mouse button, drag the note(s) to the desired location, then release the mouse button.
1. Right click the note head to open the Note Properties dialog box.
2. In the Duration field, enter in the number of ticks you want for the note, then click OK to close the Note Properties dialog box.
3. Select the Smart tool or the Edit tool .in the Control Bar.
With the Edit tool , position the pointer over the note’s start or end point, then drag left/right to adjust the start/end position.
With the Smart tool , position the pointer over the note’s start or end point, then drag left/right to adjust the start/end position. You can also double-click the note to open the Note Properties dialog box, then enter in the number of ticks you want for the note duration.The following table shows the relationship between note durations and ticks (with the default timebase of 960 ticks per quarter note).
With the Smart tool , right-click a note to erase a single note, or keep the right mouse button pressed and drag over notes to erase multiple notes.
2. Click the Lyric button in the Staff view.
2. Click the Chord button in the Staff view.The Chord Properties dialog box appears.
2. Click the Expression button in the Staff view.
2. Click the Hairpin button in the Staff view.The Hairpin Properties dialog box appears.
2. Click the Pedal button in the Staff view.Pedal down and Pedal up marks are inserted.
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